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sdcv - dicionário via linha de comando

Colaboração: Rubens Queiroz de Almeida

Data de Publicação: 15 de maio de 2013

sdcv é uma versão para console do dicionário StarDict. A grande vantagem desta ferramenta é que você não precisa estar conectado à Internet para fazer uma consulta. Não está disponível (ainda) um dicionário inglês/português, então a dica de hoje aplica-se apenas para quem possui um razoável conhecimento da língua inglesa.

Instalação

Em sistemas Debian GNU/Linux e derivados, digite:

$ sudo apt-get install sdcv

Em seguida, baixe os dicionários desejados. Os dicionários podem ser baixados dos seguintes sites:

  1. Abloz.com
  2. Abloz.com misc
  3. Free On-Line Dictionary of Computing

A lista de dicionários disponíveis é muito grande. Eu instalei os seguintes dicionários:

Para instalar os dicionários, siga os seguintes passos:

  1. crie o diretório para os arquivos dos dicionários:
    sudo mkdir -p /usr/share/stardict/dic/
    
  2. abra os arquivos bz2 baixados na localização criada no passo anterior:
    sudo tar xvjf stardict-dictd-moby-thesaurus-2.4.2.tar.bz2 -C /usr/share/stardict/dic/
    
    Faça o mesmo para cada um dos dicionários baixados.

    Para consultar, basta digitar o nome do comando, sdcv, seguido do termo que se deseja consultar:

    sdcv ibm
    trademark   International Business Machines the
    world's largest computer company, based in the
    US, which produces both  hardware and  software,
    especially for business users. IBM is sometimes
    informally called "Big Blue".//
    
    —>Jargon File
    —>IBM
    
    IBM /I-B-M/ Once upon a time, the computer
    company most hackers loved to hate; today, the
    one they are most puzzled to find themselves
    liking.
    
    From hackerdom's beginnings in the mid-1960s to
    the early 1990s, IBM was regarded with active
    loathing. Common expansions of the corporate
    name included: Inferior But Marketable;
    It's Better Manually; Insidious Black Magic;
    It's Been Malfunctioning; Incontinent Bowel
    Movement; and a near-{infinite} number of even
    less complimentary expansions (see also {fear
    and loathing}). What galled hackers about most
    IBM machines above the PC level wasn't so much
    that they were underpowered and overpriced
    (though that counted against them), but that
    the designs were incredibly archaic, {crufty},
    and {elephantine} ... and you couldn't _fix_
    them -- source code was locked up tight, and
    programming tools were expensive, hard to find,
    and bletcherous to use once you had found them.
    
    We didn't know how good we had it back then. In
    the 1990s, Microsoft became more noxious and
    omnipresent than IBM had ever been. Then, in the
    1980s IBM had its own troubles with Microsoft
    and lost its strategic way, receding from the
    hacker community's view.
    
    In the late 1990s IBM re-invented itself as a
    services company, began to release open-source
    software through its AlphaWorks group, and began
    shipping {Linux} systems and building ties to
    the Linux community. To the astonishment of all
    parties, IBM emerged as a staunch friend of the
    hacker community and {open source} development.
    
    This lexicon includes a number of entries
    attributed to `IBM'; these derive from some
    rampantly unofficial jargon lists circulated
    within IBM's formerly beleaguered hacker
    underground.
    

    Hilário, não?

    Se você quiser, você pode fazer com que os caracteres deslizem lentamente pela tela, facilitando a leitura:

    sdcv linux | pv -qL10
    

Referências



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